If S ≤ 16 then the Minimum cross-sectional area of the corresponding earth conductor = S mm2

If 16 < S ≤ 35 then the Minimum cross-sectional area of the corresponding earth conductor = 16 mm2

if S > 16 , then the Minimum cross-sectional area of the corresponding earth conductor = S/2 mm2

If 16 < S ≤ 35 then the Minimum cross-sectional area of the corresponding earth conductor = 16 mm2

if S > 16 , then the Minimum cross-sectional area of the corresponding earth conductor = S/2 mm2

First, you need to know power (rated power and rated current) of your power source with whom you will supply your motor. For example, if you want to supply your motor by using low voltage synchronous generator (through high voltage power transformer), you need to know rated power and rated current of synchronous generator and rated power and rated currents of high voltage power transformer.

Can an AC drive to replace the mechanical gearbox that used to decrease motor speed in conveyor application i.e to use a motor that will drive the load directly throw a coupling, belt or chain, without gearbox, motor rated up to 18.5 kw.

Before breaker's selecting for your electrical system, you need to calculate value of expected short circuit current at the place of breaker's installation. Then you need to calculate value of heat pulse and 1s current (expected value of current during one second). After that you need to calculate power of breaker and finally, after all, you can select appropriate breaker. Values of characteristics of selected breaker need to be higher from calculated values of characteristics of your power system.

The Fuse for Electrical Motor is efficient for O/C (Short Circuit, either L-G or L-L) or/and internal fault in the Motor windings. Taking into consideration the fuse rating considering the Starting current of the Motor. Therefore the fuse will not be effective for overload protection on the similar case.

In motor protection panel when 3 fuses are provided for short circuit protection, Is it always a condition that during short circuit minimum 2 fuses should be blown? If yes or no then why?

Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows, which interrupts the circuit in which it is connected.

Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows, which interrupts the circuit in which it is connected.

We have system which is connected to 16kV/2.4 utility transformer (delta on secondary) and we are using 2.kV/480V transformer for loads after 2000ft. Utility wants to protect against ground fault in the system. I am planning to select a ground over voltage relay using a broken delta PTs on secondary. I am having problem with calculating the 3Vo value, How much voltage will you set to trip the relay for SLG or LLG fault.

There are two important different parameters as far as the disconnection/connection of Electrical utilities is concerned.

- Breaking capacity.

- Making Capacity.

- Breaking capacity.

- Making Capacity.

Some of these conditions are convenient and some are mandatory. The convenient conditions are: Same voltage Ratio and Turns Ratio, Same Percentage Impedance, Same KVA Rating, Same Position of Tap changer. The mandatory conditions are: Same Phase Angle Shift, Same Polarity, Same Phase Sequence and Same Frequency. When the convenient conditions are not met paralleled operation is possible but not optimal.

If current will flow in positive direction then the relay will behave as a Normal over current relay and if current will flow in negative direction then the relay will behave as a Directional over current relay.....Why the angle between healthy line voltage and fault current is required for sensing the direction??

Resistance Grounding Systems have many advantages over solidly grounded systems including arc-flash hazard reduction, limiting mechanical and thermal damage associated with faults, and controlling transient overvoltages. High resistance grounding systems may also be employed to maintain service continuity and assist with locating the source of a fault.

High Resistance Ground will limit the current to about 5 amps. The good news is that it no longer be necessary to trip on a ground fault. The bad news is that you may not connect any single phase loads to that substation. If the single phase loads are an issue, it may be possible to support all those loads with one or two feeders. In that situation, an isolation transformer is added to create a separately derived ground.

Gozuk Blog: all about electric motor control & drives industries development in energy saving applications.

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Industrial Control & Automation markets

Zero voltage switching

How to select input capacitor for Phase shift controlled full bridge converter

Transmission line absorb or produce reactive power

Difference between industrial PLC scada & substation automation scada

distribution T/F of 500kva (delta-Wye) connection

HOW DO I BEST GO ABOUT BREAKING INTO THE SOLAR INDUSTRY