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It depends on so much more than the simple requirements listed of high starting torque and variable speed. What kind of application are you using it for? Is it on an automobile (where you have DC already), a factory, and do you have the budget and/or space for a variable frequency drive. A synchronous servo motor gives great dynamic control and great starting torque per volume, but its speed range is limited (unless you're field weakening by the back EMF). Servo-motors are also the most expensive due to their position sensors and more intelligent drives.
With regards to hazardous areas, Electrical equipment to be installed in those areas should comply with the zone classification. I believe the location where you are intending to install this motor would have been classified according to your local classification standards or IEC 60079 for Liquid/gas/vapour explosives OR IEC 61241 for dusts. Therefore your motor should is to be certified to be installed in those areas, to verify this information you can ask the manufacturer or supplier to provide the Certificate of conformity.
Making a connection of 3 phase motor the nameplate shows different voltages for delta it is 380-400 volt and 660-690 volt for star, what option should be selected? the supply Line to Line voltage is 380-400.
Each stator winding of the motor can withstand 380-400 V.
Thus, if you connect your motor (the stator of your motor) in delta, it should be connected to 380-400 V line-to-line.
We should select a drive (direct/flexible, chain, flat/vee/ribbed belt, gearbox, vfd, rope, close couples etc) depending on the characteristics of load(speed, torque, power, fluctuating, periodical, constant, fan, pump, hoist, crane, reversing, braking, plugging, regenerating etc) and motor selection(squirrel cage or slip ring or design A,B,C,D etc and NEMA motor code letter A to V) as well as method of starting, DOL, star-delta, AT, primary R/X, shunt capacitor, soft start). The motor/starter/drive characteristics should match that of the load. Design and factors to be considered in selection.
When the transition between wye and delta takes place, be very sure that that the mechanical interlocks on the contractors are properly adjusted. If one doesn't completely open before the other closes, you have a line to line fault. That will eventually take out the upstream breaker. Be careful, this is a very dangerous starter. I have been done this road many times.
If you're planning to use a Soft Starter or VFD for motor starting, you need to specify the horsepower rating, voltage rating, rated frequency, the type of motor (induction wound rotor or induction squirrel cage), the type of motor load (compressor, pump), motor load starting torque requirement and motor loading cycle. This information is important in selecting the type or model of the Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) or Soft Starter unit.
It is a well documented phenomenon that underground cables fail a week or so after lightning activity. Some of the can be attributed to lightning surges that enter the primary conductor and reflect off an open as you indicate. I believe the majority of the failures come from lightning strikes on adjacent structures or trees that reach the cable through ground and cause slight damages to the cable insulation.
I currently work for a small utility with a small amount of underground installations but a lot of it is aging and failing during weather changes. I am curious as to why it happens during weather changes and if there are scientific facts that can support it? Is there a way to predict when a cable will fail based on weather patterns?
Why are you going to use VFD, variable frequency drives are expensive. What is the application?
If the application require fix speed / rate Soft Start device is required.
However, if there might be frequent start stop (Power OFF/ON) AC Contractor Duty AC3 are recommended to be used to bypass the Soft Starter or Static device once the required motor speed is reached and then Start/stop have no impact on the installation.
For the "Y-Y- Delta" transformers operated in parallel, there exist two kinds of the circulating currents between the tanks and between the banks of the delta side. As the circulating current between the tanks is 90 degree out of phase of the load current, it is estimated by decomposing the line current into the component 90 degree out of phase of the load current. The circulating current between the banks in the delta side is estimated from the delta winding current and the line currents.
Back to electronic meters, if there are transformers inside the electronic meter, placement of a magnet as close to this transformer as possible could cause over fluxing every half a cycle, this could cause a diode like affect in the meter electronics, and if the electronics are designed to eliminate harmonics for calculating energy usage, then the magnet has let this person pay less for electricity, i.e. steal electricity.
There are two types of reactive consumptions in AC power system, inductive and capacitive reactances. We can not call them losses. The loss of a transmission line is the active power consumed by the line resistance which is determined by the current on the line. Reactive power can adjust the power factor and control the apparent power, then the current and losses on the line.
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