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Motor short circuit protection

In motor protection panel when 3 fuses are provided for short circuit protection, Is it always a condition that during short circuit minimum 2 fuses should be blown? If yes or no then why?

Because fuse is a type of low resistance resistor that acts as a sacrificial device to provide overcurrent protection, of either the load or source circuit.

Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows, which interrupts the circuit in which it is connected.
Short circuit, overloading, mismatched loads or device failure are the prime reasons for excessive current.
2 fuses are must & should blowing in motor control panel due to motor each winding sets are connected to 2 phase in delta connection (each winding set is works on 440 Volts power supply).

We need to identify the types of short circuits which can be experienced in a motor and if you are talking of 3 fuses for short circuit protection, it means you are dealing with a 3phase motor. All things being equal, a three phase motor should be balanced in operation hence the current in each phase must be the same.

If a short cct occurs, it could be a phase to frame ( L-E),or phase to phase(L-L)or even 3phase (3L) short cct. In each case, the fuse that ruptures will depend on its condition, rating, type and class. If a fuse has been subjected to various loading and abnormal conditions, the tendency to rupture faster exists. If I should view your question from the perspective that all fuses are of the same type, class and subjected to the same condition and motor windings are same and in the same healthy condition, then a L-E fault should not necessarily cause other fuses in the motor cct to rupture immediately. It should be the defaulted line. And if it happens, the motor will not be balanced which in turn causes the other fuses to rupture in turn due to increase in current. It is always better to use a circuit breaker to isolate all the lines in the event of a fault.

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