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Motor power cable - bigger or smaller?

When a choosing a power cable for a motor, we prefer using one larger diameter cable than two smaller diameter cables in parallel, although it would cost less to do so. Why?

1. Conductors/Cables/Feeders in parallel connection generally are not recommended unless there is no option, therefore it can be adopted under the following conditions:
i. Cables are of the same material and cross section area.
ii. Are of the same route and length.
iii. The sum of the current carring capacity of the parallel circuits after applying all necessary applicable correction factors should be greater than the nominal regulated current of the protective device.
iv. The current carrying capacity (before derating) shall be not less than 300A (according to the local authority/Service provider requirement/regulation).
v. Capability of addressing the Thermal & electrodynamics constraints in proper way.

2. Some designs call for parallel connection so as to:
i. Overcome the voltage drop.
ii. Avoid the difficulties of installing big size cables (bending, pulling) due corridor limitation,etc.
iii. Meet the Power demand.
iv. Mitigate the cost (Costwise).

3. For electrical Motors, two connections are normally required. One from MDB to Motor CP and other from CP to the Motor.
By virtue of the requirement of Delta/star starter, two cables are required (Mandatory) between CP & motor (one will be dead just after changing to delta connection).
While the connection from the MDB to CP will be one, sized according to the Motor rating.

However, Parallel connection of Feeders need an expert engineer(s) to meet the requirement since Short Circuit fault protection for parallel circuits require further evaluation from the Engineer that the impact of the short circuit current within the parallel section will have severe fault due to fault current path that can occur in addition subtransient contribution of the downstream system.

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