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Solar power

On a purely theoretical level and ignoring interrelated economics and energy usage, it makes sense to charge EVs during the day - though never in non-distributed environments, IMO.

In reality, and the reality for likely the rest of my life, it makes more economic and particulate emissions sense to distribute solar power during the day to decrease, and ultimately decommission, fossil fuel sources used for peak demand supply that occurs during the day.

Thus, using solar output distributed to offset the dirtiest, most expensive and most distribution grid loading power enhances and optimizes the value and worth of that solar generated power - both economically and ecologically. Attempting, therefore, to do all of ones' EV charging off peak is the optimal solution until the mix of energy sources changes dramatically - likely a 20 plus year process even in the most environmentally friendly "energy generation mix" regions of the world. Even if one charges during "peak", it is better to simply charge from the grid as the distributed energy is allowed to go to areas of peak demand. Again, for at least my lifetime, I don't project a more optimal use of that generation even assuming the archaic state of most "grids" persist.

Right now, even for a 1 story commercial building, solar cannot supply the energy needs used in the office, much less a manufacturing facility. In fact, it can normally only supply 1/3 or less for the most energy and resource intensive commercial environment in a UV intense region (and that is quite an optimistic calculation, more likely 1/5th). Once you get to two or more stories on the building, one is not even close. On a modest tower with a tower parking garage, the footprint is likely to small to even generate the needs on a theoretical basis. Distributing the energy to location of greatest needs will allow us to dial down and decommission peak sources, which again are the dirtiest and most wasteful.

At some point, we will hit a new equilibrium where the energy generation mix is much cleaner, solar generation specifically is much more efficient, and peak power generation is handled more efficiently and ecologically cleaner. I still believe, however, that distributed power is better than "off grid" type of scenarios as it allows the energy to go where it is being demanded at the moment, decreasing the need for redundant sourcing. And, even in the cleanest energy generation mix, redundancy means building more of something and is by definition more energy wasteful and ecologically wasteful than a scenario where the redundancy buffer that is required is lesser.

Much of this type of debate reminds me of the consumer sort recycle versus the destination sort recycle debate. Even with the advances in trash collection and recycling processes, 20 years later we are suboptimizing the recycling process. Much of the reason for that is the "style" statement, making people feel like they are contributing by sorting themselves. It may make some people "feel" better by imagining "independent" off grid or semi off grid solutions. In reality, however, we live in an interconnected world where "sharing" or distributing solutions to leverage scale and minimize redundancies is far more advantageous, economic, and a faster route to a solution to both particulate emissions issues and energy independence for groups of people.

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