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Determine coefficient of grounding

Determination of required grounding impedance is based on determination of coefficient of grounding which represents ratio of maximum phase voltage at phases which aren't exposed by fault and line voltage of power network:

kuz=(1/(sqrt(3)))*max{|e(-j*2*π/3)+(1-z)/(2+z)|; |e(+j*2*π/3)+(1-z)/(2+z)|}
z=Z0e/Zde

where are:

kuz-coefficient of grounding,
z-ratio of equivalent zero sequence impedance viewed from angle of place of fault and equivalent direct sequence impedance viewed from angle of place of fault,
Z0e-equivalent zero sequence impedance viewed from angle of place of fault,
Zde-equivalent direct sequence impedance viewed from angle of place of fault.

So, after this explanation, you can get next conclusions:
if kuz=1 then power network is ungrounded because Z0e→∞, which is a consequence of existing more (auto) transformers with ungrounded neutral point than (auto) transformers with grounded neutral point (when kuz=1 then there aren't (auto) transformers with grounded neutral point),
if kuz≤0,8 then power network is grounded because Z0e=Zde, which is a consequence of of existing more (auto) transformers with grounded neutral point than (auto) transformers with ungrounded neutral point.

Fault current in grounded power networks is higher than fault current in ungrounded power networks. By other side, in case of ungrounded power networks we have overvoltages at phases which aren't exposed by fault, so insulation of this conductors could be seriously damaged or in best case it could become older in shorter time than it is provided by design what is the main reason for grounding of power networks.
Coefficient of grounding is very important in aspect of selecting of insulation of lighting arresters and breaking power of breakers, because of two next reasons:
1. in grounded power networks insulation level is lower than insulation level in ungrounded power networks,
2. in grounded power networks value of short circuit current is higher than value of short circuit current in ungrounded power networks.

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