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Calculate Capacitors Power

In general, to calculate the necessary Power of Capacitors, we can use the following formula:

Qc = P ( tgφ1 – tgφ2 )

where :
- Qc : the Power of Capacitors.
- P : the total Power of Loads that are running during normal working.
- tgφ1 : the tangent of φ1 ( the angel between current & voltage before compensation )
- tgφ2 : the tangent of φ2 ( the angel between current & voltage after compensation )

In all cases, we should take into consideration the following points :
1- It will be better to oversize the calculated Qc by " 10 to 15% ".

2- Be careful when compensate the PF of a Motor to avoid the Over-excitation case, but we can verify it by using the following formula : Qc (motor) = 2 x P (1 - Cos φ ), where :
- P : the Motor's Power.
- Cos φ : the PF of the motor before compensation.

3- After calculation of Qc, the choosing of Capacitors type will be done according to the Harmonic Distortion percentage. Noting that in some case where the Harmonic Distortion percentage is high, we should use " Detuned Reactors " with Capacitors, and when this percentage is too high, we can't install the Capacitors before minimizing or eliminating the harmonics that their percentages are too high.

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