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Variable frequency drive key functions

Variable frequency drive is capable to smoothly starting AC motors (ramp from 0 up to 100% of the load) as well as the energy saving will be achieved, accordingly. Also may I confirmed that VFD also acting as AC Motor starting means among (Star/Delta, Soft Starter, Auto Transformer, Electrolyte, series resistance - wound rotor- etc,). The starting factor of VFD drive is usually 1 up to 1.2 with respect to the rated load current while for Direct On line about 5-6.

Moreover and as you know the variable frequency drive can control the speed of the AC motors in accordance to the formula N=120f/P rpm
where f = the supply frequency and P = number of the Poles.
According to this formula, Motor Speed can be changed either by changing/control the frequency or by changing the number of Poles of the Motor by which step changed in the RPM will be given, while the former gives continuous variable speed as per application demand.

However, as per newly developed power Semi Conductor IGCT based on PWM VFD became the most smart, effective and efficient control device in Industries since is associated also with protective and monitoring means.

From my experience, I know that variable frequency drive plays around with the frequency which the motor operates. It starts at low speed and varies the frequency to attain maximum speed. This reduces the high starting torque usually experienced when motors are started on DOL, Star/Delta etc. When you are driving delicate materials through your conveyors or pumping liquid through pipes etc., VFD plays a useful role. It reduces hammering in pipes usually experienced when using DOL. In large hotel application, variable frequency drive could be used with pressure switches to regulate water flow and reduce hammering when guests are showing. The volume of water required will determine the speed at which the motor runs through VFD control. However, very large KW motors at high voltage level are usually started DOL due to the cost of ac drive but that is when one has enough (power) capacity otherwise it will impact on other users in the network.

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