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System configuration of grounding

There are different types of system configuration for grounding like TT,IT,TN-C etc. How do we decide which configuration is suitable for the particular inverter (string or central). What are the factors that help us to decide the configurations?

One of the main concerns in a system is to avoid large low impedance ground loops.
These are created by the return signal path connected to the chassis (metal work) at multiple points. The large current loop allows noise currents to radiate H fields and hence couple into other electronics. The antenna effect will be proportional to loop area.

Single point grounding of the return path to chassis prevents this. However single point grounding conflicts with good RF practice where you want to ground to chassis at the sending and receiving ends of a signal path. There is therefore no universal best practice.

In my field, spacecraft, the standard practice has all primary power electronics galvanically isolated from the spacecraft chassis. Individual modules must maintain the isolation with transformer coupled DC/DC converters. The centre tap of each PSU secondary output is then single point grounded to the module metalwork. We talk about primary side and secondary side electronics where only secondary side is grounded to the metalwork.

Anything powered directly from the primary bus must be isolated with a maximum capacitance to chassis of 50nF to avoid excess HF loop currents forming.

In general it depends on country specific law and standards required by Power Supply Operators. From design point of view it all depends on which point of grid you are going to connect and what type of inverter is used.

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