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# Active power losses in electrical motor

Equivalent active power losses during electrical motor's testing in no-load conditions contain next losses:
1. active power losses in the copper of stator's winding which are in direct relation with square of no-load current value: Pcus=3*Rs*I0s*I0s,

2. active power losses in ferromagnetic core which are in direct relation with frequency and degree of magnetic induction (which depends of voltage):
a) active power losses caused by eddy currents: Pec=kec*f*(B)x
b) active power losses caused by hysteresis: Ph=(kh*d*d*f*f*B*B)/ρ

3. mechanical power losses which are in direct relation with square of angular speed value: Pmech=Kmech*ωmech*ωmech,

Comment:
First, as you can see, active power losses in ferromagnetic core of electrical motor depend of voltage value and frequency, so by increasing voltage value you will get higher active power losses in ferromagnetic core of electrical motor.

Second, you can't compare two electrical motors with different rated voltage and different rated power because active power losses in the ferromagnetic core, as I have already said above, depend of voltage value and frequency while active power losses in the copper of stator's windings depend of square of no-load current value which is different for electrical motors with different rated power.

Third, when you want to compare active power losses in no-load conditions of two electrical motors with same rated voltage and rated power, you need to check design of both electrical motors because it is possible that one of them has different kind of winding, because, maybe in the past, one of them was damaged, so its windings had to be changed, what could be the reason for different electrical design and that has a consequence different no-load current value.

Calculate (6 + 3) =

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