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1:1 ratio transformer

A 1:1 ratio transformer is primarily used to isolate the primary from the secondary. In small scale electronics it isolates the noise / interference collected from the primary from being transmitted to the secondary. In critical care facilities it can be used as an isolation transformer to isolate the primary grounding of the supply from the critical grounding system of the load (secondary). In large scale applications it is used as a 3-phase delta / delta transformer equipment to isolate the grounding of the source system (primary) from the ungrounded system of the load (secondary).

In a delta - delta system, the equipment grounding is achieved by installing grounding electrodes of grounding resistance not more 25 ohms (maximum or less) as required by the National electrical code. From the grounding electrodes, grounding conductors are distributed with the feeder circuit raceways and branch circuit raceways up to the equipment where the equipment enclosures and non-current carrying parts are grounded (bonded). This scheme is predominant on installations where most of the loads are motors like industrial plants, or on shipboard installations where the systems are mostly delta-delta (ungrounded). In ships, the hull becomes the grounding electrode. Electrical installations like these have ground fault monitoring sensors to determine if there are accidental line to ground connections to the grounding system.

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